Anyone familiar with geography knows that this land is surrounded by four oceans. four? National Geographic cartographers have identified the Southern Ocean as the fifth largest ocean on the planet. This development took place on the occasion of World Ocean Day celebrated on June 8. The new ocean was determined by the National Geographic Society, which has been drawing maps since 1915 and still recognizes the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, and Arctic oceans.
The Southern Ocean is also recognized by the U.S. Geographical Names Commission as a water area extending from the coast of Antarctica to 60 degrees south latitude. “For anyone who has been there, it’s hard to explain how exciting it is, but everyone will agree that glaciers are bluer than anywhere you go, the air is colder, the mountains are more forbidding, and the scenery is more It’s breathtaking.”
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) marine scientist Seth Sikora-Bodie said: Although the debate on the identification of the vast waters around Antarctica as the ocean has been profound, it is necessary to develop it when necessary. There is a danger of paying more. Concern about the area and the need to protect it have become inevitable.
The maritime boundary was first proposed in 2000, but not all countries agreed, which made it difficult for the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) to recognize it. Scientists say that the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ADC) began to circulate after the separation of Antarctica from South America 34 million years ago. It flows from west to east, centered at 60 degrees south latitude. Latitude now marks the boundary of the Southern Ocean.
The water there is colder and less salty. Ocean currents draw water from the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans, which contribute to global air circulation. For decades, Antarctica has been affected by climate change and rapid global warming. Scientists are studying its impact on the Southern Ocean, which is home to fragile marine ecosystems including whales, penguins and seals.